An image of a temporary hole in the sun's atmosphere that's letting solar winds loose into space has been captured by NASA. These coronal holes can occur occasionally, caused by bends and kinks in the sun's magnetic field.
The Earth is expected to slow its rotation a tiny bit in 2018, which could cause a rise in the number of earthquakes, according to findings presented at the Geological Society of America's annual meeting. Researchers looked at Earth's slower rotation periods over the past century and found that more earthquakes occur during these periods.
Tiny alkali flies can form a protective bubble around their bodies that allows them to stay dry below the surface of extra-salty Mono Lake in California, and that may be due to their high level of hairiness and the kind of wax they produce, according to research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The extra hair helps deflect the water and the wax is hydrocarbon-based, which could protect the flies' skin.
A recently identified unicellular species "represents a whole new lineage in the eukaryotic tree of life," said Jan Janouskovec, lead author of a study set to be published in Current Biology. The tiny Ancoracysta twista, which was found on a brain coral in an aquarium, may help researchers learn more about how eukaryotic life evolved.
A study in JAMA Pediatrics showed that children and teens with depression who received psychotherapy monotherapy had the lowest incidence of attempted suicide and inpatient hospitalization during the assessment period and at 12 months of follow-up, while those who received both psychotherapy and antidepressants had the highest incidence of suicide attempts, compared with those who underwent antidepressant monotherapy and those who didn't receive treatment. The findings were based on data involving 84,909 youths with depression with an average age of 15.
The National Institute of Food and Agriculture has awarded a $388,000 grant to the University of Maine for a study of potatoes. The university will lead a research project to breed potato varieties that are resistant to pests and disease.
The NIH has issued Children's Hospital Los Angeles a $1.5 million grant to study inflammatory bowel disease in children and adults. Researchers will examine the triggers and develop treatment options.
Seniors at a Michigan high school recently designed and built a well pit cover for the local middle school by using welding skills they learned in class. Superintendent Pete Bush said the students not only applied their skills, but they also saved the district thousands of dollars.
Businesses in Arkansas are partnering with the Northwest Technical Institute's Business and Industry Training Center to teach their workers how to repair and maintain industrial machinery. Eight recent graduates will work at a local meat-processing plant.
A revived manufacturing sector could give the US economy a $530 billion boost, according to a report from the McKinsey Global Institute. The report suggests the US could expand the manufacturing sector by using new technologies, focusing on digital and online functions, and using automation.