One-fifth of managers report avoiding negative feedback, while almost 40% fail to offer positive reinforcement, according to surveys from Zenger Folkman. "An abundance of research shows that giving positive feedback increases employees' sense that they're learning and growing at their jobs, makes them feel valued, and leads to increased confidence and competence," writes Leah Fessler.
Canadian researchers found that adults with type 2 diabetes and obesity who underwent duodenal switch surgery had lower fasting plasma glucose levels and glucose concentrations and an increased glucagonlike peptide-1 response to the meal test, compared with those in the sleeve gastrectomy group. The findings in Metabolism, based on 27 patients with and without diabetes, revealed that those in the duodenal switch surgery group had no postprandial elevation of glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide or pancreatic polypeptide in the three days after the procedure.
Diabetes patients who participated in a diabetes management program before undergoing elective surgery reduced their mean blood glucose the day of the procedure from 146.4 mg/dL before the program to 139.9 mg/dL after the program, according to a study in the Annals of Surgery. Researchers used a cohort of 3,909 diabetes patients and found that the program also helped reduce hypoglycemic events, the average length of hospital stay and intravenous antibiotic use beyond the day after the procedure.
Early results of a study presented at the American Diabetes Association's meeting showed that patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes who received 400 mg of the cancer drug imatinib daily for six months used less supplemental insulin, indicating an improved beta-cell function, compared with those on placebo. Researchers evaluated 67 patients ages 18 to 45 and found that those on imatinib also experienced more mild to moderate adverse events related to therapy.
Children raised in low-income families had higher odds of developing an enlarged and poorly functioning lower left heart chamber, which is indicative of heart failure, after 30 years, compared with those in high-income families, Finnish researchers reported in JAMA Pediatrics. The findings should prompt more studies on determining approaches that can reduce income and health inequalities among youths, according to an accompanying editorial.
Infants born between 24 and 27 weeks of gestation had a more than three times increased likelihood of dying from sudden infant death syndrome and other sleep-related infant deaths before reaching age 1 year, compared with those born full-term, according to a study in Pediatrics. The findings should prompt parent education on safe infant sleep practices in the NICU as well as the development of more evidence-based initiatives to bolster compliance to safe sleep practices, said researcher Barbara Ostfeld.
Researchers reviewed Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data for 51,891 non-institutionalized adults in 2011 and 2013 and found that patients with mental health disorders were over four times more likely to use opioids, compared with other adults. The study, published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, showed 51.4% of opioid prescriptions were made for 16% of patients with mental health disorders.
Dietitians say parents can help prevent summer weight gain in their children by ensuring they get enough sleep, making healthy snacks readily available at home and limiting screen time. Registered dietitian nutritionist Jill Castle recommends keeping children hydrated with water instead of sugar-sweetened drinks and sticking to a schedule for meals and snacks so children experience hunger and fullness.
An Endocrine Society scientific statement links obesity to the processes of energy homeostasis and energy imbalance. Dr. Michael Schwartz, who led the task force that authored the statement published in Endocrine Reviews, said due to the body's energy balance adjustments, most people who lose weight have trouble keeping it off.
Iowa-based grocery chain Hy-Vee has added a Begin for Diabetes lifestyle management program, run by its in-store registered dietitians, to its Begin and Begin 4 Kids programs. The program focuses on weight management and uses journals, healthy diet recommendations and biometric screenings.
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