Canadian researchers interviewed pediatricians, pediatric endocrinologists, diabetes nurses and educators at 12 diabetes centers and found that only 25% of care providers reported having suitable planning and preparation for transitioning adolescents with type 1 diabetes from pediatric to adult diabetes care. Researchers, reporting the findings in BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, said some barriers included the lack of a standardized transition care policy, limited communication between pediatric and adult care providers, and less flexibility in scheduling appointments for adult health care.
Researchers found low rates of transition from intravenous insulin to subcutaneous insulin infusion in a medical ICU setting, indicating challenges associated with transitioning, including a lack of standard guidelines, according to a study in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. Researchers used a cohort of 269 patients who received IV insulin infusion at the Cleveland Clinic medical ICU between June 2013 and January 2014 and found that transition rates were low with subsequent hyperglycemia.
A five-year $14.8 million grant will be awarded by the NIH to the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia-led Gabriella Miller Kids First pediatric data resource center, a centralized genomic and clinical database for researchers studying genetic links to conditions such as childhood cancer and birth defects. The effort also includes University of Chicago Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University and Children's National Health System.
SNMMI and the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology published a joint consensus document in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine and a nuclear cardiology journal detailing the use of FDG-PET/CT imaging in detecting and monitoring the treatment of cardiac sarcoidosis. A multidisciplinary team of experts created the document after determining that randomized prospective clinical trials were not suitable for studying the disease.
Plant-based diets high in fiber and low in unhealthy fats can help fuel a workout by optimizing energy and promoting healthy blood flow, says registered dietitian Susan Levin. Eating fewer fats can make it easier for the body to pull on its own energy reserves and high-fiber foods promote satiety, Levin says.
Finger Lakes Health's first 16-week diabetes prevention program led to 482 pounds in total weight loss among 55 participants and had an 88% attendance rate. Registered dietitian Christina Ganzon said the goal was to help people make lifestyle changes and lose weight to prevent diabetes, and the program included a grocery store tour and a cooking demonstration.
Tinker Air Force Base registered dietitian Wendi Knowles and exercise physiologist Traci Fuhrman use an eight-week Performance Intervention course to help airmen get into shape or stay in shape so they can pass mandatory fitness tests. Knowles focuses on creating behavior change so people do not lose and then regain weight.
Brain imaging of obese patients who drank walnut smoothies showed greater activation of the insula, which is associated with appetite and impulse control, when they viewed photos of high-fat foods, researchers reported in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. Patients who consumed placebo drinks did not show a similar effect, according to the study, which was partly funded by the California Walnut Commission.
A study in ESC Heart Failure found older adults, especially men, who were vitamin D deficient had a 12.2 times higher risk of heart failure.
A study in Epilepsia found use of cannabidiol to augment epilepsy therapy may have adverse interactions with anti-epileptic drugs. Data for 39 adults and 42 pediatric participants in an ongoing trial indicated links between increased cannabidiol dose and levels of topiramate, N-desmethylclobazam and rufinamide.
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