A clinical trial of stem cell therapy at Wabash Valley Animal Hospital in Terre Haute, Ind., had been scheduled to end last fall, but the trial has been extended because of promising results. The blinded, placebo-controlled study is testing the effects of stem cell injections in pet dogs' joints, and some owners say they have seen significant improvement.
Veterinarian Gregg Hanzlicek of Kansas State University's Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory described what happens when an animal develops an Anaplasma marginale infection and encouraged cattle producers to test herds to identify carriers and to have a necropsy performed on adult animals that may have died from anaplasmosis. American dog ticks, winter ticks and moose ticks carry the bacterium; horseflies might also carry and spread it; and tattoo pliers and needles can transmit anaplasmosis within a herd, Dr. Hanzlicek said.
Type 2 diabetes patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease who added 10 mg of empagliflozin to their standard medical treatment experienced substantial liver fat reductions at 20 weeks, with a mean difference of 4% from the standard care only group, according to a study presented at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting. Indian researchers analyzed 50 patients from the E-LIFT trial and also found a significant difference in alanine aminotransferase and a nonsignificant difference in aspartate aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase between the groups.
SNMMI, other advocacy groups and radiopharmaceutical vendors have urged the CMS to categorize diagnostic radiotracers as drugs, rather than as supplies, and legislation to do so may be introduced soon in Congress. Current radiotracer reimbursement under ambulatory payment classifications in the Medicare Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System is inadequate to address the cost of some tracers and may deter the use of newer tracers, as well as discourage research and development investment, the groups said.
Boston Medical Center dietitian Tracey Burg, who runs the hospital's demonstration kitchen, teaches patients recovering from addiction how to choose and prepare healthy foods. Registered dietitian Ginger Hultin said substance abuse often is connected to poor nutrition, and she and Burg noted limited access to food or a way to prepare it can lead to disordered eating.
A study in the Journal of Hepatology revealed that adults with high consumption of total meat and red and/or processed meat were at an increased risk of developing insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, compared with those with low meat consumption. Israeli researchers conducted a cross-sectional study and found that an increased risk of insulin resistance was independently associated with high intake of meat that was fried or grilled and contained heterocyclic amines.
Research shows self-compassion is linked to healthy habits while emotional reactivity, isolation, self-judgment and unhealthy perfectionism are tied to depression, stress and a poorer quality of life, writes registered dietitian nutritionist Carrie Dennett. Mindfulness and self-kindness are associated with self-compassion, and Dennett says people can be kind to themselves and nurture their body with exercise or a healthy meal.
Researchers evaluated 74 patients with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and found similar composition of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in serum phospholipids among patients with A1C of less than 7.0% and those with at least 7.0%. The findings in Cardiovascular Diabetology revealed that worse glycemic control was associated with diabetes duration, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio.
Finnish researchers found that men with the highest blood levels of linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid, had a 43% reduced mortality risk, as well as a lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease and other causes, compared with those who had the lowest levels. The findings in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, based on 2,480 men, ages 42 to 60, showed a similar, but weaker, pattern between blood levels of arachidonic acid and a lower mortality risk.
Researchers found that youths whose mothers had a waist circumference of at least 31.5 inches prior to pregnancy had a 65% increased likelihood of developing autism, compared with those whose mothers had smaller prepregnancy waist sizes. The findings, presented at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, were based on data involving more than 36,000 US mothers who gave birth from 2007 to 2008.
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