About 200 people in a neighborhood of the District of Columbia held a "grocery walk" to raise awareness about food deserts. Councilman Trayon White said while the city approved $400,000 to help bring co-ops and community grocery stores to the area, people need higher quality food options.
A study in Sleep Medicine Reviews showed that pregnant women who had an average sleep duration of less than six hours had a 1.7-fold increased risk of developing gestational diabetes, compared with those who slept longer. The research was based on a meta-analysis of eight studies involving 17,308 pregnant women.
Cancer cells readily consume sugar, which leads to a cycle of cancer development and growth, according to a study in Nature Communications. The nine-year research project shows how sugar connects with Ras proteins, which control cell growth and differentiation and are found in large quantities in tumors.
Niche's annual report on the best food on college campuses ranked the University of California at Los Angeles first, with its 11 cafes and nutrition education to help students who want to eat healthier. Other top schools include Virginia Tech, the Culinary Institute of America, Washington University in St. Louis and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
A study presented at the Cardiometabolic Health Conference found that patients with obstructive sleep apnea or sleep-disordered breathing were at greater risk for atrial fibrillation, a factor in increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
French researchers who used F-18-MPPF-PET found similar baseline serotonin 1A receptor concentration and distribution in individuals with and without autism spectrum disorder, but oxytocin didn't change MPPF binding potential among those with ASD, compared with significantly elevated radiotracer binding potential in several brain regions of healthy controls. The findings, published in Cerebral Cortex, suggest that a disturbed oxytocin-serotonin connection may hinder the benefits of oxytocin treatment among people with ASD, and further studies are needed to better understand this connection, researchers said.
A study of data from the California Cancer Registry found 71% of advanced cancer patients were hospitalized in the year following their diagnosis and 16% had at least three hospital visits. Researchers wrote in the Journal of Clinical Oncology that initiatives to reduce hospitalization could target high-risk patients and include policies that increase access to outpatient palliative care.
Child welfare caseworkers throughout Pennsylvania are being stressed by a surge of drug overdoses in families they serve, officials say. Excessive caseloads, heartbreaking home scenes and physical danger confront workers who are being "set up for failure," Auditor General Eugene DePasquale said.
Changing times have eroded the luxury of stay-at-home parenting for many families, foster families should be paid a true wage beyond child care expenses, argues Jim Kenny of the Chronicle of Social Change. The current shortage of foster homes could be alleviated and standards of care raised if foster families were compensated appropriately, he writes.
A statewide competition last month produced 15 suggestions from Virginia technology experts for digital aids to those facing and fighting against the opioid epidemic. Entries in the 2017 Governor's Datathon included a range of apps and digital tools.